DUSK IN MALACCA. A story of the history of the attack on the Sultanate of Aceh Darussalam under the leadership of Sultan Iskandar Muda to Malacca (Portuguese) in 1629 that failed miserably. According to Portuguese sources, the entire Aceh fleet was destroyed by the loss of 19,000 troops. Continue reading
Genealogically, Islam in Indonesia or even Southeast Asia should not forget Pasai as the first point of Islamic-Malay civilization, not merely a replication of Indian or Arab, or Chinese traders or travelers. Continue reading
These people are only estimates. But because of sugar, Europeans are looking for colonies to grow sugar. New world exploration begins, colonialism followed by oppression takes place. The history of sugar is no less vile than most other tropical products. Strangely, sugar thirst is universal. And sugar is the only product whose production and consumption go up over the last 10,000 years. Continue reading
In the early days, coffee was only known in Islamic societies in the Arabian peninsula. In the early 17th century coffee began to be traded out of Arabia via the port of Mocha in Yemen. Arab merchants monopolize this commodity for a long time In the 18th century, Europeans began to procreate coffee outside Arabia. Until in 1720, the Dutch shifted Yemen as world coffee exporter. Dutch products obtained from coffee plantations in Java and the surrounding islands, currently Indonesia. Indonesia became the world’s largest coffee producer for almost a century. In 1830 Indonesia’s position as the largest coffee producer shifted Brazil. Until now, Brazil is the world’s largest coffee producer. Continue reading
We will always get warm and light, we always try to get there. But is it possible to reach that sky, with salvation, blood, prayer, and iron though? Probably not, but life means not because it reaches. Life means by searching. We remember Icarus’s wings trying to reach the sun. He will not (will) arrive. Continue reading
At the end of the 16th century until the early seventeenth century the Dutch freed themselves from the Spanish colonialism, Prince Maurice proclaimed the establishment of an independent and sovereign Republic of the Netherlands. As a result, the Dutch people made a long war against the power of Spain as the largest imperialist state at the time.
At that time, countries in Europe have not dared to recognize the independence of the Netherlands, for fear of the power of Spain. So Prince Maurice as the newly established chairman of the Republic of the Netherlands is making friends and support to other parts of the world, Asia. Continue reading