War is a Papuan tradition


People often say that tradition hinders progress. Actually, the human is wrong. No one can escape the past. If young people oppose it, it is also part of the tradition.

People who are firm in tradition are called conservatives, reactionaries or rightists. Tradition is “ancient”. Traditional discomfort, according to the sociologist Edward Shils (United States), is caused by the opinions of people trapped in the rules, and the pattern of roles prescribed by society, can not develop. In other words, everyone must break free of tradition and find oneself. Sounds good but it’s not possible. No one can break free from tradition, which is a hereditary, including norms, attitudes and language, knowledge, music, fashion and even monuments, buildings and landscapes, machines and so on. Tradition does not need to be old, although in general young traditions, for example, appear in school.

The difference between developed and developing countries is that in certain tribes, tradition is part of the world. People who do not live according to tradition will disrupt society. Others are the case with developed countries. Most people there regard tradition as a brake for progress. This opinion is often true.

That is what happened until the 16th century. The writings in the holy book and the work of Greek and Roman scientists are regarded as absolute truth. No one is trying to research it. Perhaps it is due to the teachings of Aristotle (384-322 BC). According to Aristotle, people will not get smarter by doing experiments. One can know the secrets of nature by philosophizing.

In the field of medicine, the most famous Greek scholar is Hippocrates (4th century BC). His theory was developed by another Greek philosopher, Galenus (2nd century AD) who lived in Rome. According to Hippocrates, in a healthy body, there is a balance between four body fluids namely black and white bile, mucus and blood. People get sick if the fluid balance is disturbed. That’s where the habit of shedding the blood of sick people.

Tradition and progress

Ignaz Semmelweis (1818-1865) had to fight hard to end the unsterile state of medicine in the 19th century

Tradition hampers progress. This is evident, among other things, when the obstetrician, Semmelweis, was opposed all out. Ignaz Semmelweis (1818-1865) worked the Vienna hospital. He is very worried about the women who died after giving birth. The amount is quite a lot. He understands that the cause is cleanliness. Because the doctors who just check the corpse, immediately work in the midwifery without washing hands. Semmelweis ordered that everyone who worked in the previous section should disinfect his hands. The regulation decreased the presentation of his clinical death from 12.24 to 1.27. The idea of Semmelweis is opposed. Probably because it is envy or against tradition. The regulation was generally accepted twenty-five years after Semmelweis died.

The struggle in the field of astronomy was even more difficult. In Europe, people once clung to the scriptures. People who dare to say that the Earth around the Sun will be punished as infidels. According to tradition, Earth is the center of the universe.

The art of sculpture in Egypt was made in the same form for at least ten centuries.

The culmination of attachment to ancient traditions is ancient Egypt. For thousands of years, Egypt has not changed. The basis of Egyptian culture has been laid down since the time of the pre-postal period ie before the pharaohs. (3200 BC). Household goods, sculptures, swords, buildings, and paintings show style equations, making them easily recognizable.

Nazi image art (Germany) mimics a folklore symbol characterized by well-built and blond people, typical of ancient times.

There is also a culture that looks back, in Roman times, people wanted to return to the violence and purity of the Republic. While the Italian humanists of the 15th century consider the ancient Greeks as the ideal society.

In the science-fiction films depicts the state far ahead. Generally, there are always elements of Roman, Greek or Egyptian. For example clothing. Movie stores generally wear Roman toga and helmets like Tutankamon’s headgear.

The first car made by Karl Benz resembles a horse-drawn carriage

We can be anti-traditions, even laugh at the traditional ones. But in fact, the 19th-century car is similar to a horse-drawn carriage, because its maker is a carriage maker who can not break away from tradition. Even the most revolutionary developments in engineering can not escape from tradition, that is, knowledge and research gained before.

But if we stick to tradition and do not make changes, then our progress will be too late. It is not the fault of tradition, but our own stiffness. Sticking to tradition or mocking traditions, as well as very old traditions.

Terjemahan Bahasa Indonesia

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